Protein synthesis occurs on ribosomes in the cytoplasm of a cell but is controlled by DNA located in the nucleus. Protein synthesis is a twopart process that involves a second type of nucleic acid along with DNA.
This second type of nucleic acid is RNA, ribonucleic acid. RNA differs from DNA in three main respects. DNA transfers RNA to proteins which is what makes it part of protein synthesis. Transcription makes mRNA which joins to amino acids and produce proteins in the process called translation. Transcription is basically the chemical synthesis of RNA from a DNA template. In this lab, we simulated DNA structure, replication, RNA synthesis and protein synthesis.
Each one of these processes is essential to human life and a mutation in any one of the processes could lead to death. In DNA, adenine bonds to thymine via two hydrogen bonds, while guanine bonds to cytosine via three hydrogen bonds. Protein Synthesis Protein synthesis is one of the most fundamental biological processes. To start off, a protein is made in a ribosome.
There are many cellular mechanisms involved with protein synthesis. Before the process of protein synthesis can be described, a person must know what proteins are made out of. Protein synthesis is the process of transferring information from a gene to a protein. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is made up of four main parts of adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine, and RNA (Ribonucleic acid) is made up of Essay# 1. Meaning of RNA: A nucleic acid that carries the genetic message from DNA to ribosomes and is involved in the process of protein synthesis is referred to as RNA [ribose nucleic acid.